論君主 On Monarch
Here is the English translation, please see below for the original Classical Chinese text. Looking for Thai translation.
What is the foundation of the legitimacy of the monarchy? Is it the blood lineage or the divine right? In history, many virtuous ancient emperors had vicious grandsons ruining their empires. Yu the Great’s (2123-2025 BC) Xia dynasty was ruined by Jie (1689–1658 BC), while Tang’s (1658–1629 BC) Shang dynasty was ruined by Zhou (1075–1046 BC). Even sage-kings Wen and Wu (1046–1043 BC) had muddleheaded grandsons like You (781–771 BC) and Li (877–841 BC). For anyone who reign without virtues lead to disasters, while anyone who offends God faces punishment. Emperor Showa was proud of his unbroken royal lineage, had no mercy and declare wars. When he lost moral legitimacy, Japan was isolated from the world and was gradually defeated.
Therefore, a king should not solely rely on his blood lineage but his virtues. The so-called ‘Rule of Humanity’ in Confucianism is simply the manifestation of commiseration. Nowadays, the United Kingdom and Japan implement the Constitutional Monarchy and democracy well. Although there are political disputes, the king keeps the doctrine of mean and unite the nation with his virtues.
150 years ago, King Rama V the Great reformed Thailand. However, the pro-military government goes against the tide and therefore has mistreated the ancient kings. Constitutional monarchy implies that the national sovereignty is the unity of the monarch and the people. Wang Tao said: ‘Only when the monarch and the people share the powers, can the upper and the lower be communicated: the people can express their views and the monarch can grant his kindness.’ Therefore, constitutional reform aims not to overthrow but to defend the monarchy. When the monarchy manifests the sovereignty, he should defend the constitution, transcend from politics, celebrate the national rituals and stay away from power struggles so that he may unify the people. He should do charity works like school, hospital and irrigation projects to help the people. When he manifests his virtues, he becomes a moral example for his people, while his kingdom gains honour and respects worldwide. Therefore the king must be careful whenever he speaks or acts.
In the past, when people defamed King Li, he arrested and killed the defamers. Duke Shao said, ‘silencing the people’s voice is worse than blocking the river channel.’ The king did not listen to Shao and three years latter, he was exiled by his people. Currently, some disloyal ministers declared emergency and suppress protests with water cannon and police violence. Aren’t they trying to silence the people’s voice? The nation is now full of anger. If the fault is not corrected before it is too late, when the dam collapse, the billows of the people shall destroy everything.
I heard that king Rama X his majesty has studied law, Princess Ubolratana her highness is a well-known artist, Princess Sirindhorn her highness is a great sinologist while princess Chulabhorn her highness is a remarkable scientist. Since all members of the royal families are learned and wise, I am sure that they know how to make a wise judgement. May them think about the current situation cautiously!
#Constitutional #Monarchy #Thailand #Thai #Confucianism #Philosophy #Politics #Asia
Picture: King Rama V the Great the founder of Modernised Thailand